Manoeuvrist Approach

1319 Words6 Pages
Throughout history, military theorists and commanders have attempted to determine and define the most effective way to defeat an adversary and achieve victory. British military doctrine defines this method as the Manoeuvrist Approach or indirect approach, which main focus is basically on attacking enemy’s cohesion and will to fight rather than focusing purely on the destruction of his physical component. The approach itself is based on manoeuvre theory, which relies on speed, deception, surprise, and the application of firepower and movement or application of own strengths against opponents weaknesses and vulnerabilities, while protecting the same on our own side. However, all this is not sufficient without seizing initiative. Having initiative…show more content…
Mission Command is a result of increased uncertainty, complexity and the chaos of the battlefield or ‘fog of war’ that assumes warfare as unpredictable and changeable. Philosophy of mission command is in its five inter-related principles: unity of effort, freedom of action, trust, mutual understanding and timely decision-making. Unity of effort is achieved if every unit has the same understanding of the overall plan and their individual roles in it. To this end, understanding of commander’s intent is of an utmost importance. If the situation changes subordinates will have freedom of action. They will be able to adjust to the new situation while acting within the commander’s intent. Trust between superior and subordinates is essential to encourage the initiative, but it cannot be enforced. It must be built, and that takes time. Mutual understanding is the product of a common doctrine, where everybody has the same understanding of terminology that is used on a regular basis – in orders, reporting etc. Timely decision making simply means making decisions and act before your adversary. getting inside enemy’s OODA…show more content…
A key characteristic of the manoeuvrist approach is the attacking enemy’s decision-making process by attempting to get inside his decision making cycle (known as OODA loop cycle). OODA loop (observe-orient-decide-act) is theory presented by American John Boyd and its essence is to be faster through OODA loop cycle than the enemy. If we can consistently go through the OODA cycle faster than the enemy, make faster decisions and act before him, we gain an advantage and enemy loses his cohesion until he can no longer fight as an effective, organized force. However, in order to be faster than enemy some preconditions have to be achieved. Firstly, according to Boyd, only decentralized military with application of mission command can have a fast OODA loop. Secondly, through decentralization, to operate successfully in ‘fog of war’ we need to accept confusion and disorder, and also to generate them. Thirdly, while operating in confusion and disorder we need to avoid all patterns, recipes and formulas, because if our tactics follow predictable patterns, the enemy can predict our actions and easily cut inside our OODA Loop. And lastly, we
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