Man's Transition to Agriculture Essay

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During mans transition to agriculture human achievements were both interesting and essential even though archeologists needed to interpret the remains of tools, cave paintings and burial sites. The social norms adopted during this period led to the creation of society as we know it today. Agriculture led to the formation of more complex societies where people were able to settle in one place for longer periods focus on economic, political, and religious goals which helped to increase the number of people in the world.
On the banks of the Euphrates and Tigris rivers in Mesopotamia and the Nile in Egypt emerged civilizations affected the history of the eastern half of the Mediterranean. Theses civilizations led to formation of cities and
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Secondly, the end of the ice age saw the retreat of certain big game animals. Hunters began to look for smaller game, such as deer and wild boar. The amount of animals available for hunting declined. This also increased the new sources of food. (Zvelebil, 2009)
The development of agriculture was of fundamental importance for the future history of mankind. It meant that more people could remain settled in one area for a longer period and spend less time searching for food which allowed people to begin to learn a crafts. This led too many becoming and became carpenters tanners, scribes and metal workers. A civil service and priesthood emerged. Some of the villages that had originated at the beginning of the Neolithic period began to resemble fortified cities in Asia Minor and Syria. The largest and central cities however, were on the major rivers of Egypt and Mesopotamia in the fourth millennium BC. It was there that the largest quantities of food could be grown and the largest number of people could live together. (Zvelebil, 2009)
The core of the Mesopotamian city was the temple, the house of the state holy being whose needs had to be provided for by the community. The temples became very powerful groups that created vast estates that engaged in activities

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