Under Mao Zedong, China experienced profound social and economic changes. Industry increased, prostitution and opium use was reduced, and many experienced an increase in social standing as land was redistributed to the peasants, prior to collectivization. But many of the policies that were enacted had negative, even disastrous consequences, which were never properly apologized for or rectified. In 1981, 5 years after Mao’s death, the Chinese Communist Party stated that Mao was essentially 70% good and 30% bad. But Mao’s disconnect from the actualities of his policies, paranoia towards his status in the Party and his public image, and lack of foresight in regards to the consequences of his decisions had extreme ramifications on China that not only led to the death of millions, but fundamentally undermined legitimacy of the government. Through the specific policies of the Hundred Flowers campaign, the Great Leap Forward, and the Cultural Revolution, Mao’s lack of understanding of his actions, and his poor treatment of those who criticized him are very apparent. And while not all of Mao’s policies and actions were disastrous, his errors outweighed his merits. In actuality, Mao’s actions were more likely 80% bad and 20% good.
“Today he uses sweet words and honeyed talk to those he entices; tomorrow he puts them to death for fabricated crimes.” (Heuston, Kimberley. Mao Zedong. Frontispace ). Mao Zedong is the person of the 20th Century because he changed the country of China for better and worse. Through his life, he is willing to stop anyone from getting in his way in his quest to rule and change China. He made Communism the ruling party in the country, forming the People's Republic of China. Chairman Mao’s “Great Leap Forward” policies and actions modernized the country in less than half a century. A major part of his life is dedicated to killing the people who stand in his way.
Mao was the leader of the People’s Republic of China (PRC). Above everything, he was a communist. His world revolves around him being a communist (Wood, 8, Class Notes). He believed that the world was divided into two separate sides, the communists and the capitalists. This shaped the way in which he conducted matters for mainland China because everything he did was justified by his communist ideologies (Mao, 13). Many of the things he did was because he always thought about communism being his number one priority. The Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution are two main events that Mao led that shape his worldviews in having an underlying tone of communism which will be discussed later on in the essay. Mao wanted equality within all aspects of life throughout all classes in society. He believed that every individual should be treated the same (Mao, 19).
Mao Zedong was a communist that overcame many objectives to become a leader of China. There were many weaknesses and strengths of the communist. There was also weakness and strengths in the Nationalists. During his rule in World War 2 Japanese invaded China. Where both communist and Nationalist dealt with the invasion. The Soviet Union played a vital role in the Civil War. After Mao’s death, Deng Xiaoping took over and used the four modernizations to Reform China to restore the economic system. Mao found the PRC or better known as the People’s Republic of China.
Through out all of history we have seen so many heroes and villains all over the world. But one place in particular was in China, with a leader who goes by the name of Mao Zedong. Mao Zedong was a well-known communist leader in china who actually lead the Chinese Communist Party. He is one of the most important people/historical figures in history. At first he was helping China at the beginning of his ruling, nut then his actions had cause China to completely fall and breakout into violence and complete chaos!! Changing the views of his people because whatever good he had done did not matter anymore from his great down fall. During his ruling though some believed that Mao
Mao Zedong was born in the Shaoshan village in the Hunan Province of China in 1893. Born to a peasant farmer who independently became wealthy, Mao became a revolutionary whose theoretical ideas spurred him into taking action against imperialist China. His father was noted to be a very strict man who wanted Mao to follow in his footsteps on the farm. Mao, however, was rebellious and had other ideas that he wished to pursue. He was a lover of books and learning the ways of many theoretical writers. One of his favorites for which he would eventually style his own beliefs and actions after is Karl Marx. These would come to be known as Maoism.
Mao ZeDong is one of the greatest leaders in the history of New China. The influence of Mao’s theory is profound and lasting. He is a great thinker, poet, and a highly intelligent military strategist. Under his leadership and the actions he performed during The Long March, Chinese Civil War then defeating the Kuomintang Party to built the New China are the main epic episodes. Mao ZeDong's extravagant actions made two of the many changes to China. They are the shift from a capitalist system to a socialist system and the achievement of China's independence against Japanese imperialism (Somo, 2013a). The influence of Mao’s theory has been widespread to the world up until this day. Especially, in the countries of the third world have
Mao Zedong was a Chinese communist and father of the People’s Republic of China. Mao Zedong grew up farming and had arranged marriage. He got his power by getting a lot of support from peasants from China. The communists were led by Mao Zedong. The Chinese communists got their power in 1949. Mao Zedong did not make a better society economically because he did not improve the quality of lives for people because there wasn’t enough jobs. He did make a better society socially because he improved living conditions, women got freedom after the law, and expanded education.
In 1949 Mao Zedong and his communist revolutionaries had won control of China after a civil war that had lasted more than 20 years. Mao’s revolution was based on a society where the workers control the government. During this time China was a substandard country due to the years of war, disease, and natural disaster. To help make china stronger Mao called for couples to have more babies because babies equal more workers and more work leads to a stronger China. To help economically, people were forced to abandon farming and help aid an industrial China, thus known as The Great Leap Forward. With the replacing of farms, China was reconciled to food shortages, which then led to the killing of an estimated 30 million people. Therefore mao turned
Today, throughout most of China, the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution is realized as one of the most chaotic and deadly times in chinese history; often referred to as the “ten lost years.” However, during the revolution, many hopeful individuals sought after change and looked toward Mao as
Mao Zedong was a military leader, a soldier, a principle of the Chinese Marxist theorists, and the man who led his nations cultural revolution. There are so many ways that Mao seems to be the perfect man the man who has his life together and he was a very good self promoter. He is what you could say make China 's communism a big deal during the Cold War. The Chinese revolution was placed around 4 years after the war and you could say that Mao had a big impact in that. Being that he did lead the revolution, he was the man who kind of impacted a part of
Throughout history, the actions of leaders have altered the course of society and how people live their everyday life for better or worse some examples being united states president Franklin Delano Roosevelt An example of one such leader would be Mao Zedong, the former chairmen of the communist party of china. This research paper is going to delve into the history of Mao and out how he fought to rise to power along with the decisions he made and changes that were implemented and how they impacted the nation of China along with the surrounding region and even society as a whole.
Over the course of Mao’s leadership from 1949 until his death in 1976 we can see the significance of his leadership and what made him a good and bad leader. Mao had made some very good decisions to help certain groups but also made some very bad decisions that paid the price, in some cases killing millions. Due to the social and economic changes that then followed by a significant increase in the population and weak leadership that led to rebellions from 1911 that saw the end of 3500years of rule by the Chinese imperial dynasties. The social and economic chaos then led to the formation of two political parties. The CCP, led by Mao Zedong and the GMD led by Chiang Kai Shek. Mao and his party defeated the GMD in 1949 bringing Mao into power. Mao’s main goal was to turn China into a pure communist country. Over the course of Mao’s leadership he did this by making significant social, economic and political changes to the Chinese way of life. However due to his poor leadership and the faults that he made it caused people to oppose him and get in the way of his goal. That is why in 1966 Mao decided to assert his beliefs through a series of decisions, which came to be known as the Cultural Revolution. The Cultural Revolution was a hard time for many people throughout China as Mao enforced many things upon them to achieve his aim of removing capitalism. Mao used the youth of China to be that
During in school, the book affected him a lot. In 18, Mao explore to a wider world –Changsha- for further education in Xiangxiang Middle school. Where he first contacted with media and learned about the current-day insurgence. However, after witnessing a battle he decided to join the army. The 6-month army life taught him the disadvantage of soldiery. (Wilson, 2008) In 1912, he went trough several schools and finally find his place in Hunan Province Public Library. For the latter half year, he read large quantity of articles by western theorists and philosophers, such as and Herbert Spencer’s .From 1913 to 1918, he was studying in Hunan Province Forth Normal School. During the restless period, Mao’s ideology was roughly shaped. Next year, he was in Beijing University Library and attending classes there, where he met some radical figures such as Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao.
In 1949 a powerful communist leader by the name of Mao Zedong came to power based on his idea for a, “Great Leap Forward.” This idea was meant to bring China’s economy into the twentieth century. He had assembled a revolutionary government using traditional Chinese ideals of filial piety, harmony, and order. Mao's cult of personality, party purges, and political policies reflect Mao's esteem of these traditional Chinese ideals and history. However, the product of this revolution created a massive national shortage in vital materials and initiated a wide scale famine to China’s people (Gabriel).