Mao Zedong : A Leader Of The People 's Republic Of China

1562 Words Dec 19th, 2014 7 Pages
Introduction
In Hunan Province in 1893 there was to be the birth of the founder of the People’s Republic of China, Mao Zedong (Britannica, 2014). Known for his controversial methods, he was to be a memorable historical figure, as China entered communism under his rule, with his strategies unforgettable for some. Mao’s communist successor, Deng Xiaoping, was also a very recognisable leader and probably the second most notable leader in China only after Mao (Telegraph, 1997). Deng was born in Sichuan province in 1904 and became a Paramount leader for China in 1978. Both were profound leaders in China’s history and had strong impacts on its society through different reform policies, leading to economic growth and have influenced how China is to this day.

Land Reform
One of Mao’s first notable strategies was land reform, as he knew this would be a popular policy to all of the peasants. Cheng (1982) examined that land reform was based around eliminating the landlord class entirely, whilst relying on the cooperation of the poorest peasants. Mao decided that peasants should have the land transferred to them by the landlords. Following this, they would then issue them with title deeds, which allowed any landowners the right to buy, sell, manage or rent out freely. Finally, if any peasants felt any previous wrongdoing brought upon them by landlords, they were encouraged to express themselves through violence and many landlords were killed. This was just the beginning of the death…
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