Mao Zedong Of The Communist Party Of China

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In the 1960’s the Chairman of the Communist Party of China, Mao Zedong feared that China would move too far in a revisionist direction with an emphasis on expertise rather than on ideological purity as the Soviet model was doing. In response Mao gathered a group of radicals such as Defense Minister Lin Biao to help him attack current party leadership to reassert the authority he had lost during the recent economic crisis and the Great Leap Forward. In 1966, Mao launched the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution (1966 – 1976). The goal of the movement was to purify Chinese society by upholdling only true Communist ideology. This was an attempt to revive the revolutionary spirit that had led to victory in the civil war decades earlier and the formation of the People’s Republic of China. Mao claimed that bourgeois foundations had infiltrated the government and society with the intentions of restoring capitalism. Mao believed that the current Communist leaders were guiding China in the wrong direction and as a result he called the nation’s youth to purge capitalist and traditional fundamentals from Chinese society and re-impose Maoist thought in their place. This lead to a violet class struggle, as China’s youth responded to Mao’s call by forming Red Guard groups around the country. The movement was soon amplified to a class struggle on all fronts as it spread into the military, the urban workers and even the Communist Party leadership. President Liu Shaoqi and other Communist

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