Mao Zedong : The Revolutionary Revolution

Decent Essays
If you applied the chaos theory to Chinas Revolution, Mao Zedong would most definitely be the butterfly whose wings set off a series of disasters in China. He assembled the Chinese youth in 1966, to initiate the “Cultural Revolution” . This revolution was a violent operation eliminating thoughts, customs, old Chinese culture, and habits, removing “counter-revolutionary” party members, and heightening Mao’s personality cult . In this paper, I will condense evidence collected from books, documents, biographies and more about the events that occurred between 1959 and 1966. I will then talk about the failure of Mao’s resignation as president, Great Leap Forward, his power struggle with Liu Shoaqi and Deng Xiaoping and the propagating of his…show more content…
Mao’s lack of public appearances after 1958 had damaged his image and his authority. Since 1963, the “Little Red book” (“Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-tung”), compiling Mao’s statements on his views and ideology, had been a standard Chinese text, and his personality cult was systematically fostered by Lin Biao, his faithful Minister of Defense, using various forms of propaganda and giving him popular titles such as “The red sun rising in the East”. Mao re-entered public life on 16 July 1966 with an appearance of him swimming in the Yangtze River, to promote his strength. He frenzied the admiration of the Chinese youth, which he was hoping to mobilize for revolutionary purposes.
On May 16, 1966, the CCP announced the start of the “Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution” which called for a destruction of the old, bourgeois Chinese culture, thoughts/ideas, customs and habits, so that the communist society may prosper. On August 8th, the “16 Points”, instructing how this was to be achieved, were published and publicized. Enthusiastically, the Red Guards began a reign of terror over China, their first great action being the seizure of power in Beijing in January 1967. In July 1967, Liu and Deng were stripped of their power. Mao gave Liu’s responsibilities to his wife Jiang Qing and his faithful secretary, Lin Biao. Mao called the end to the Cultural Revolution officially in 1967, by which time all schools and colleges had been
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