Essay on Mao Zedong and the Chinese Revolution

1583 Words Sep 6th, 2008 7 Pages
In 1949 a powerful communist leader by the name of Mao Zedong came to power based on his idea for a, “Great Leap Forward.” This idea was meant to bring China’s economy into the twentieth century. He had assembled a revolutionary government using traditional Chinese ideals of filial piety, harmony, and order. Mao's cult of personality, party purges, and political policies reflect Mao's esteem of these traditional Chinese ideals and history. However, the product of this revolution created a massive national shortage in vital materials and initiated a wide scale famine to China’s people (Gabriel). Mao Zedong was a powerful leader, who was able to insight action into his followers. The author of forty poems and a charismatic speaker, it is …show more content…
Mao built communes throughout areas of china which contained on average five-thousand families. These turned out to be well controlled communities where the residents gave up all ownership of possessions, land, etc. The elderly and young children were looked after so healthy family members could work and not have to worry about them. Mao in May of 1958 launched another plan: the Great Leap Forward. This was Mao's economic plan to transform China into an industrial nation in two years. The plan was to decentralize agriculture and create communes which would promote heavy industry and agricultural production. The Great Leap Forward seemed to symbolize Mao's embrace of technology and industry. In 1958 700 million people had been placed in to 26, 785 communes. Small villages would set rice quotas and economic priorities and work as a group, sharing resources for the harvest. Communes can be seen as based on the Confucian idea of obligation. Traditionally, Confucianism obligated a child to respect a parent. Communes, according to Mao would replace that obligation to parents, with an obligation to Communism. The government worked tirelessly to keep workers motivated by vast propaganda tools. Devices such as, political speeches played in the fields, or goal setting was common. Also back-yard steel smelting furnaces were used which unfortunately produced poor qualities of steel, and over-consumed coal which led to a massive shortage.

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