Marisela Giesbrecht 101021889 Extractive Reserves
Amazonia possesses the world’s largest remaining area of tropical rainforest. The region is an increasingly important source of natural assets for both regional and economic growth. As the frontier advances, however, the amazon is being threatened by the destruction of the forest. The ‘extractive reserve’ model attempts to combine forest preservation with a workable development effort (DeStefano & Raymond, 1992, p. 5). It aims to achieve this through a strategy of joint management between local communities and government institutions. It is hoped that over time these extractive reserves will build economic strength and achieve sustainability. In the long run, however, the reserves will require locally generated income be supplemented by valuable export revenue. The growth of these extractive reserves depends on advancing a number of economic, geopolitical and social goals (Hall, 1991, p. 57-70). The extractive reserve was a major policy innovation, since it officially incorporated local populations for the first time in the process of natural resource management. In theory, extractive reserves are an ingenious solution for the problem of protecting inhabited forests. However, research shows that extractive reserves face several major challenges in order to obtain sustainability. Of which include: generating higher household incomes, rewarding forest stewardship, improving financial support (Gradwhol & Greenberg, 1988, p.