Maritime Port Security Essay

4939 Words Oct 13th, 2010 20 Pages
MARITIME TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ACT OF 2002: A CRITIQUE
PORT SECURITY
HLSS645
Theaurthus Grant
July 24, 2010
TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. A Brief Legislative History of the Bill 3
2. Review of Previous Legislation: The Need for MTSA 4 3. Summary of Pertinent Provisions of the MTSA 7 4. Strengths and Weaknesses of MTSA 10 5. Final Assessment and Recommendations to Strengthen MTSA 15

REFERENCES 17
1. A Brief Legislative History of the Bill The United States (US), who is a party to the International Maritime Organization (IMO), has long been pushing for a response to the issue of maritime security worldwide. Prompted by the US, the IMO agreed to make security amendments to the Safety of Life
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The Secretary of Transportation also has the broad authority to regulate the movement and operation of vessels subject to US jurisdiction, as provided in the Ports and Waterway Safety Act (PWSA). The Act also authorizes the Secretary of Transportation to respond to terrorist acts against vessels and waterfront facilities, as well as to investigate any incident that causes damage to waterfront facilities or affects the safety of US ports. Under the Secretary’s authority, a vessel’s clearance to entry in the US may be refused or revoked upon violation of the PWSA (The Subcommittee on Coast Guard and Maritime Transportation, 2001). The Omnibus Diplomatic Security and Antiterrorism Act of 1986 expanded the authority of the Coast Guard. This law was enacted in response to an incident wherein a US citizen was killed when a passenger vessel, Achille Lauro, was seized by terrorists in 1985. To protect passenger vessels and passenger terminals from terrorist attacks, the US Congress constituted Title XI of the Omnibus Diplomatic Security and Antiterrorism Act as the International Maritime and Port Security Act. Title XI requires the Coast Guard to establish measures to prevent and respond to terrorist attacks, as well as to establish security and safety zones. Passenger vessels and passenger terminal operators are also required under this Act to develop contingency plans for security measures against terrorist acts, subject to examination and approval by the
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