In Timothy Tackett’s When the King Took Flight, it’s explained how Louis XVI’s flight to Varennes resulted in escalating events to happen in the French Revolution that changed and shaped the history of France. In his flight to escape the revolution and upon his capture, he unintentionally created a domino effect that rippled throughout France with consequences that were far from his original plans when attempting to escape the country. This essay will explain how the flight to Varennes radicalized the revolution by further weakening the monarchy and its authority along with its image, that the most significant reaction was that it opened ideas to new forms of government, and that the seeds for this radicalism was already present.
In 1793 and 1794, were conditions in France serious enough to require such a violent response by the revolutionary government.The Reign of Terror lasted less than two years, from the execution of Louis XVI in January 1793 to late July 1794.During those eighteen months, more than 20,000 French people were put to death by guillotine.The behavior by the revolutionary French government was not justified because Any society that invents the machine to publicly cut off people’s heads is off base. The action is unjustified because it is barbaric.The reign of terror was not justified because Robespierre’s s Desperate times required desperate measures not justified In a government that says it values liberty, passing a law like the levee en mass is unjust because it requires people to do things they do not want to do wrong in a government that says it values freedom and liberty. The revolutionary government made too many demands on individuals who were right to rebel against the oppressive revolutionary government. speech sounds rational, but he is out of touch. When a government has to “smother” its own citizens in order to eliminate individuals who challenge it, the government is not promoting freedom.To lay the foundations of democracy and the rule of law, rulers need to follow democracy and the rule of law, not the blade of terror. Any society that invents the machine to publicly cut off people’s heads is off base. The action is unjustified because it is barbaric.Nine people
Maximillian de Robespierre was the maker and the ruler of the ‘Reign of Terror,’ which made him one of the most influential men of the French Revolution. He believed it was needed in order to save he revolution from its enemies. During this time period ordinary people for example a man and his wife would be arrested
Marie-Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier de La Fayette, Marquis de La Fayette, a wealthy French nobleman, played a quietly prominent role in America’s struggle for independence from the British. La Fayette’s unwavering dedication to the pursuit of liberty, his skill as military officer, his ability to secure vital resources, and his impressive connections to the French Royal family and other key players of this era made him an invaluable asset in the American Revolution, and a significant piece of the French Revolution.
A glint of good news came to the now-impoverished family when the merchant heard that a ship containing his merchandise had just arrived in port. The merchant was overjoyed and went to claim his wealth, only to find that there had been a legal ordeal and he had, indeed, lost it all. Here, the author tries to illustrate the French government’s inadequacy in meeting the needs of the people. In the 1850s, great minds, including the Swiss/French political philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau, were writing that the authority to rule came from the people themselves. Furthermore, philosophers argued that the government’s duty was not to serve their own decadence but rather to serve the people. The French government, being an absolute monarchy, was ruled by only the word of Louis XV, and the royal Bourbon family had a history of ruling to meet their own selfish desires. The French monarchy did not uphold the intrinsic promise and duty of any government to protect, feed, and serve its people. De Beaumont symbolizes this by failing to deliver the goods to the impoverished former merchant. In other words, just like the merchant’s undelivered goods, the
King Louis XVI believed the revolutionary changes he detested “had been provoked by a few radicals in the National Assembly and their demagogic control of Parisian ‘rabble’ (87).” As thousand flocked to see the kings caravan return to Paris it became evident he had misinterpreted the true influence of the revolution. Many of his loyal subjects rejected the notion removing their hats upon his arrival, a snub to the king and his royal family. Previously under the king’s regime the general public had considered him
Timothy Tackett believed that the night the king suddenly appeared in the small town in Northeastern France is arguably one of the most dramatic and poignant moments in the entire French Revolution; people started questioning the authority and the loyalty of their beloved king. According to the author, Timothy Tackett, “The King’s Flight to Varennes” - has marked a major turning point of the French Revolution. As the French citizens were in the midst of terror and destruction of the Revolution, King Louis XVI attempted to flee Paris to Belgian frontiers almost succeed, but fortunately he was stopped just miles away from the frontier. At first, the people thought they had rescued him from abduction; but after they learned the truth of his flight, people of different regions across France, expressed their frustration, anger, sorrowness, and fear of counter-revolutionaries.. “For better or for worse, it helped set the nation on a new and perilous trajectory toward the future.” (Tackett 223)
Following the French Revolution, the National Convention and Robespierre as the head of the Committee of Public Safety, employed drastic measures to achieve their goals, however managed to successfully consolidate power as demonstrated by the overall success of the revolution. Whilst the revolution itself was a momentous undertaking, nothing was quite as dramatic as the execution of King Louis XVI that was orchestrated by the National Convention. “The king must die so that the country can live.” This ushered in a new era in France’s history and meant the revolutionaries would have to work hard to secure power given the hostile reaction to the execution by both
The French Revolution began in 1789 aiming to transform France into a more liberal, equal society ruled by a constitutional monarchy. Yet by 1793 it had generated something else entirely— a system of repression and violence referred to as the Terror. While some insist that the Revolution’s culmination at this point was inevitable, others assert that key events between 1789 and 1793 set the Revolution on this particular trajectory. Siding with the latter, I argue that King Louis XVI’s attempted flight in 1791 was an incredibly significant turning point in the Revolution, as its social and political consequences played a vital role in placing the Revolution on the path toward the Terror. While it is impossible to definitively say that
The French Revolution is often regarded by historians as one of the most controversial periods in history. During the tumultuous upheavals after the eradication of the absolute monarchy, a new republican government was established in France. What was originally a plan to bring order to an already complicated situation became a rapid descent into chaos, paranoia, and insurrection. Despite this, the question still remains: can the events of the Terror be justified upon the notion that it was solely out of necessity? While the occurrences of the Reign of Terror may seem to have been in excess, the measures taken were based on good intentions, and some force was required in order to keep France secure from its enemies. Terror was necessary to bring
The Reign of Terror was a period of violence during which the French Revolution’s ideals of Liberté, Equalité and Fraternité descended into depravity. The voices of the people were perverted to embody the specific moral and political ideologies of Maximilien Robespierre, “the Incorruptible”. Robespierre instituted the Terror in an attempt to reinvigorate the decelerating revolution and align it’s objectives with those of the Jacobin political faction. Revolutionary instability and intense French nationalism following the abolition of the monarchy allowed Robespierre to establish himself as a prominent leader and direct the course of the revolution. Robespierre’s acquisition of great power and influence during this time heightened his moral
During the French Revolution, violence once again marked a distinct change in tone. The final severing with the Legislative Assembly’s final severing with the former monarchical government occurred on January 21, 1793 when a narrow majority vote ordered Louis XVI’s execution (Doyle 2002). Ironically, Robespierre voted in favor in spite of his previous opposition to the death penalty. But as the Reign of Terror to com rolled out of control, he became more vocally supportive of guillotine executions for “traitors” to the
The French revolution is one of history’s bloodiest and most important series of events that has ever occurred in the western hemisphere. From the start of the revolution at 1789 to the end at 1799, a massive number of complex political, and socioeconomic events took place forever changing the country. This decade long feud between France’s people and her government can be simplified into three major stages. The first stage of the revolution was, for the most part constitutional and the most peaceful of the three stages. The second stage however wasn’t so peaceful. At the time, France was one of Europe’s most influential and powerful country’s and since such an impactful revolution was being executed, this brought many aggressive supporters as
This paper focuses on one of the darkest times of the French revolution, which was the Reign of Terror. It aims to study how the Reign of Terror during the French Revolution reformed and reinvented France’s government and society, and how the Reign of Terror became the critical point of France’s transition from the
On July 14th 1789, an angry mob stormed the Bastille, a medieval fortress in the center of Paris. The sparsely guarded Bastille had been used as an armory and political prison to represent royal authority. After a standoff that lasted several hours, the people of Paris had gotten into the Bastille, trampling the guards and killing the governor. The fortress was claimed by the citizens and was eventually ordered to be destroyed by the new Paris Commune. The seizure of the Bastille was seen as a symbolic victory; the revolutionaries viewed the structure as a representation of the monarchy’s abusive power. Its fall is considered the turning point of the French Revolution.