Martin Kolb 's Theory Of Learning

856 WordsNov 15, 20144 Pages
American theorist David Kolb developed his concept of learning in 1984. He created a cycle containing four key stages: Concrete Experience, Reflective Observation, Abstract Conceptualism and Active Experimentation. He believed “Learning is the process whereby knowledge is create through experience” [Kolb, D. (1984)], therefore accepting that you must learn from your mistakes and progress in order to acquire full understanding of what you are studying. The first stage - ‘Concrete Experience’, is generally the task that you are about to take, or have taken. ‘Concrete Experience’ also is believed to be the feelings and thoughts that occur during the experience. It is described as the situation that you plan to learn from. Kolb argued that you cannot learn significantly just by watching; you must physically interact with the topic, e.g. in debates, lab practical experiments or performing a presentation, and therefore many learners are required to process to the next stage of ‘Reflective Observation’. ‘Reflective Observation’ means to review the work that you have done. It is the opportunity to fully process the situation and gain a sure understanding of it, for example completing a reflective blog or diary, completing a report and reading feedback. This stage is placed directly after the ‘Concrete Experience’ stage as Kolb understood that in order to reflect and review what you have done fully, it is most beneficial to do this immediately afterwards. The third stage of
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