Martin Luther And The Protestant Reformation

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The Protestant Reformation was the 16th-century religious, political, intellectual and cultural upheaval that disintegrated Catholic Europe, setting in place the structures and beliefs that differ from Catholic Church and in future triggered wars and fights and persecutions. In northern and central Europe, reformers like Martin Luther, Thomas Muntzer, Ulrich Zwingli, John Calvin and Henry VIII challenged papal authority and questioned the Catholic Church’s practices, such as “indulgence” and “enough good works to merit salvation” (Sayre 263-266). In Who was Martin Luther Whose 95 Theses Helped Spark the Reformation? (October 31st 2017), Anderson Mike Ellis looks specifically at Martin Luther and his belief and why he wrote the Ninety-Five…show more content…
In general terms, “Luther detested both the secular and materialistic spirit evident in the Church” and he wanted the Church to go back to simplistic and spiritual ways of the early Church” (Sayre 264). Martin Luther was an early advocate of the printing press. His words and protest against the Catholic Church went viral in different part of Europe “thanks to the advent of the printing press” (Mike Ellis 1). In the article written by Brandon Withrow, it says that Luther’s methods of protesting against the Church would have fit right in with the gist of social media today, as his methods included commissioning woodcuts “in which Satan is defecating out the pope and his cardinals (‘Birth and Origin of the Pope’)”, this messaged the people that the pope works for the devil, which had longevity and many people believed it at that time (Withrow 2). This is how the word of Protestant Reformation movement got spread in the Western Europe. In particular, Luther was against the practice of selling indulgences, in the Ninety-Five Theses, which, as story goes, he nailed to the Church door in Wittenberg, Germany on October 31, 1517 (Mike Ellis 1). Luther explicitly protested the pope’s sale of indulgences and the lavish ways of Catholic Church in the Ninety-Five Theses.
Luther’s belief that scripture alone is the sole authority for principle enable him to question the Church. Scripture said that “Christ’s death fully
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