Essay on Martin Luther King, Jr.

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Martin Luther King, Jr.

Martin Luther King, Jr. was born at home on Tuesday, January 15, 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia. His parents were Martin Luther, Sr. and Alberta King.

He was born into a world where segregation was the law. Where his boyhood best friend, who was white, wasn't allowed to play with him once they started school. Where black people went to separate bathrooms, drank from separate water fountains, couldn't eat in "white's only" restaurants, and had to give up their seats on buses if a white person wanted it.

Martin was a very intelligent boy. He was able to enter Morehouse College at 15 simply on the strength of his scores on the college entrance exam taken during his junior
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D. in systematic theology. Upon graduating, he accepted a call to preach at the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama.

On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks was arrested for not giving up her seat on the bus to a white man. The Montgomery Improvement Association (with King as their president) organized the boycott on the bus company that lasted 381 days and lost them 65% of their profits.

In 1957, Martin helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and was its first president.

Martin was arrested 30 times and spent time in jail (where he wrote "Letter From Birmingham Jail"), had his house bombed, was arrested once for driving 30 in a 25 mph zone (haven't we all done this at one time or another??), was stabbed, and finally, was assasinated. In 1964, because of his work in the Civil Rights Movement, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for being someone "who had contributed the most to the furtherance of peace among men".

In 1965, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Voters Rights Bill into law. This law guaranteed that "No person in the United States shall, on the ground of race, colour, or national origin, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination". From March 16 - 21, 1965, Martin lead a group of 3200 people in a protest march from Selma to

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