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Martin Luther's On Christian Liberty

Decent Essays
Martin Luther’s On Christian Liberty was written as a way to explain his theology of justification by faith. His work was written for many different people. His followers, people who disbelieved him and people who were also confused by his theology. In order to make the way smoother for the unlearned, Luther sets down two propositions. The first is “A Christian is a perfectly free lord of all, subject to none,” and the second proposition is “A Christian is a perfectly dutiful servant of all, subject to all” (Luther, 2). While these two theses may seem to contradict one another they both make perfect sense in the way individuals should lead their life. The first proposition explains that humans are free since there is nobody controlling our…show more content…
A righteous Christian must not be a hypocrite (Luther, 5). There is only one thing necessary in order to make a righteous Christian, and that is the Word of God. When the Word of God is missing from the soul, there is no help at all for the soul (Luther,6). The Word of God, according to the text is the gospel. “He who through faith is righteous shall live” (Luther, 7). Luther goes on to explain, “It is clear that, as he soul needs only the Word of God for its life and righteousness, so it is justified by faith alone and not any works; for if it could be justified by anything else, it would not need the Word, and consequently it would not need faith” (Luther, 8). Later in the text, Luther writes about how good works need to be combined with faith to satisfy both the inner and outer…show more content…
Having faith must be the first step in being able to fulfill the commandments and be righteous. If an individual is able to have faith and fulfill the first commandment, “You shall worship one God,” then that individual will have no problem in fulfilling the rest of the commandments. Works are not enough to glorify God, although they are able to if faith is present (Luther, 22). Since faith can only rule in the inner man, and since faith alone justifies, it is clear that the inner man cannot be save, justified, or freed by any work or action at all. The works have nothing to do with the character of the inner man (Luther,
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