Marx And Friedrich Engels 's Manifesto Of The Communist Party

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In 1848 Karl Marx and his close friend and collaborator Friedrich Engels wrote The Manifesto of the Communist Party as a platform for the Communist League, a society to which they both belonged. This essay will explore the types of societies that this document describes, as well as the effects that Industrial Capitalism had on societal and individual levels. The Communist Manifesto focuses mainly on describing the society that the authors fear or that already exists, rather than the society that the authors wish to create. The majority of the document is dedicated to criticizing the state of Industrial Capitalist society and disparaging the bourgeoisie. Society in 1848, as Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels describe it, was governed solely by the economic interests of the highest, ruling class, meaning in this case the bourgeoisie. The bourgeoisie is defined by Marx and Friedrich as "the class of the modern Capitalists, owners of the means of social production and employers of wage-labourers". Marx was highly critical of the bourgeoisie and, in The Communist Manifesto, they are presented as being at the heart of society 's problems. The society of the period is based on a two-class system which allows the bourgeoisie to oppress the proletariat. The proletariat is defined by the authors as "the class of modern wage-labourers who, having no means of production of their own, are reduced to selling their labour-power in order to live". Because the bourgeoisie controlled all of the
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