Marx, Max Weber And Emile Durkheim

948 WordsNov 30, 20154 Pages
In assessment of sociological theory it is imperative to our understanding of social theory that we analyze the ideologies of some prominent theorists such as Karl Marx, Max Weber and Émile Durkheim. Karl Marx’s philosophical ideals on society and class division are impactful in shaping our understanding of society. Inequality and social division is at the heart of Marx’s theory of society. Marx’s theorized that society is the history of class struggles. To him the fundamentally factor determining human history is economics and human behavior is motivated solely by material concerns. This theoretical approach is know as historical materialism. The principle of this theory is that the economic condition of society, its mode of production is the factor governing society’s structure and development. In his writings Marx discusses the nuances surrounding the division of labor in the modern capitalist world. He theorized that the class struggles resulting from capitalist exploitation of the proletariat is the catalyst that will lead to a social revolution. From that social revolution will emerge a new society where the capitalist mode will be replaced with a mode of production based on the collective ownership of the means of production, known as Communism. Max Weber 's analysis of class is similar to Marx 's, but he discusses class in the context of social stratification more generally. Max Weber conceived sociology as a comprehensive science of social action. In his
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