Marx: The Economic Basis of Human Societies

1093 Words5 Pages
Marx: The Economic Basis of Human Societies

Marxism as it is known today states that “actions and human institutions are economically determined, that the class struggle is the basic agency of historical change” (Collins English Dictionary, 1994: 959). In this assignment the worldview of Karl Marx will be discovered and the crux of Marxism will be uncovered.

Marx’s Life and Work
Karl Marx was born in 1818 in Germany during an oppressive time. His Jewish father who; under the discriminatory laws had to convert to Christianity in order to become a lawyer. Although Karl Marx was raised as a Protestant he soon abandoned religion. He ventured on to the University of Berlin as a law student. With an upheaval of philosophical,
…show more content…
Theory of Human Nature: Economics, Society, and Consciousness
With Marx’s view of humanity having an essentially social nature is distinctive in his writing and worldview. Marx’s observation is that whatever a person does is essentially a social act which presumes the reality of other people standing in certain relations. Karl Marx also believes that not everything about human beings can be clarified by facts about the individual, the society in which the individual is part of also plays a part. This point saw Marx as the founding father of sociology. Marx has also been referred to as a humanist because he prescribes for future communist society, where everybody is free to cultivate his or her own talents in all direction.

Diagnosis: Alienation, Capitalism, and Exploitation
Alienation for Marx involved both the portrayal of some features of capitalism and a value judgment that they are primarily wrong. He did not disregard capitalism totally, but he acknowledged that it lead to an increase in productivity. Marx believes that it is necessary for a society to go through capitalism, but he thought it would be surpassed. He found that people without capital had to sell their labour in order to survive and this puts them in a position whereby they can be exploited by the industrial capital owners. This gives birth to his opinion that
Open Document