Marx, Weber, Durkheim And Durkheim

883 Words4 Pages
The fathers of sociology are Marx, Weber, and Durkheim and they are referred to as the sociological canon. Social order, stability, and the classification of the human society was of great impetus to the theories of the sociological canon. The purpose of this essay is to describe the classification of human society, according to Marx, Weber and Durkheim; as well as, critically compare and contrast the sociological canon’s different explanations of social order and stability. To begin , Marx classified human society as always being in conflict due to class struggles. Marx proposed that materiality was the basis of our society. Marx believed that as human society developed from its primitive form into its modern form, it has been a manifestation of clashes between classes in pursuit of class interests. Bratton and Denham note that Marx believed, “society is produced rather than prearranged; cultural mores are learned, not given; and social conditions determine human consciousness and patterns of human history and development” (2014:75). Marx described social order and stability using a dialectical method. The dialectical method is the art of disputation, “dia" meaning two and “logos” meaning to reason. One phenomena that Marx touched on was the thesis For Marx, the dialectical method was not about the world of ideas but instead with the material world, which means the world of production and other economic activity. Marx believed that as society progressed, the ruling class

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