Marx and Weber Social Class Essay

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Most societies throughout history and the world have developed a notion of social class. It is refers to hierarchical distinctions between individuals or groups within society. How these social classes have been determined has been a common topic among social scientists throughout time. Two individuals who have headed this long standing debate are Karl Marx and Max Weber. In this paper I will be summarizing Marx and Weber’s theories on social class; how they are determined, their interests, and problems that may exist among groups. I will then provide my own critiques of their arguments.
Marx first sets up his arguments on class by referring to the historical class struggles. “Freeman and slave, patrician and plebeian, lord and serf,
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Competition between these workers allow wages to fluctuate often, and working conditions worsen. To better these situations, the Proletariat form trade unions to keep up rate wages. He believes society can no longer live under the bourgeoisie and this existence is no longer compatible with society.
A key point of his argument is the idea of alienation. He believes the worker or proletariat becomes estranged from himself, his work and other workers. He believes humans meet their needs of existence by using labor as a sense of well being. In this capitalistic system of private ownership the workers are robbed of their self worth and identity. The worker is estranged from the products he creates which helps aid in the hostile relationship between the two classes, which will lead to a revolution.
This idea of a revolution is where the objective and subjective interests of class come into play. Interests can be thought of as what a group may want and may include power, money, change or other things can be seen as in the better interest of the group. Marx believes a class’s interests may be objectively determined. An outside observer should be able to determine a course of action for someone within that class. In the case of
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