Marx 's Views On Human Nature

1413 Words Dec 14th, 2016 6 Pages
People always wonder what makes them who they are. However, the extent to which our characters are derived from ourselves is always an argument for many philosophers. Marx, a German philosopher, and Mengzi, a representative thinker of Confucianism, present similar accounts in explaining how humans are shaped. Both Marx and Mengzi believe that our individual character is not solely shaped by ourselves but are shaped in ways by external forces. However, I will argue that, compared with Mengzi’s view of the moral attributes that inherently exist in humans themselves, Marx’s account is more systematic and compelling due to his emphasis of the effect of the interrelationship between humans themselves and the external forces of labor and social structures. Marx examines human beings from the perspective of social practices and social relationships. In his view, human nature incorporates both natural attributes and social attributes, and human characters are not solely shaped by natural attributes but are shaped by the unity of individuals and social activities, which refers to the effect of the interrelationships between human themselves and social activities.
Marx uses the concept of labor as the social activity to explain how humans are shaped by the interaction of society and themselves. He points out the concept of objectification of labor to describe humans themselves as the subsistence of objectification. “The product of labor is labor embodied and made objective in a…
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