Marxism : A Structural Conflict Theory

1718 Words Oct 22nd, 2014 7 Pages
Marxism is a macro, structural conflict theory that denotes Marxists belief that the ruling class (bourgeoisie) exploits the working class (proletariat) for means of labour, as the bourgeois own the factors of production. Marx called the resulting situation alienation, and he said that when the workers repossessed the object at which they produced through the division of labour, alienation would be overcome and class divisions would cease. This is the apparent class struggle that plays a central role in understanding societies inevitable development from bourgeoisie oppression under capitalism to a socialist and ultimately classless society.

There are varying types of economic exchange that all vary dependant on the type of society and economic system the country is in. Namely these are barter, which is the exchange of gods and commodities; merchandise, bartering through the intermediary of money, and capitalism, that uses commodities in order to increase money. For Marx, the latter type of economic exchange (capitalism) is one that is based upon the exploitation and alienation of the proletariats by the bourgeoisie. Marx believes that what is necessary for society is a movement towards socialism and the economic structure of communism where class struggles are no longer an issue. Exploitation of the proletariats at the hands of the bourgeoisie no longer takes place.

The feudal system that once prevailed in western societies was the economic system that came before the…
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