Marx's Theory of World Politics

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Marx's Theory of World Politics Because Karl Marx's view of humanity and society was centered around economics, his theory of world politics was also built on an economic foundation. In Marx's view, all human interaction could be reduced to the production and exchange of material wealth, and this included politics on both the national and international levels. Marx's idea of politics was centered on the relationships of dependence that develop in market economics most importantly, the relationship between classes within countries and the relationship of market power between countries. These relationships are created, developed, and changed by economic conflict. Marx had a world-historical philosophy based on the idea that all human endeavors are aimed towards production and consumption. A society or nation develops its productive capabilities until its resources and abilities are exhausted. In this stage of development, its power among other nations and societies progressively increases. As industry develops in a nation, its relation to other nations increasingly resembles the class struggle that Marx believed marked human interactions on an individual and societal scale. In this struggle, the proletariat struggles against the bourgouis capitalists. The proletariats, or laborers, struggle to maintain their individual creative powers against the capitalists, who seek to strip the laborer of his powers and instead treat him as a commodity to be exploited. For example,
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