Mary Shelley's Frankenstein Essays

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Mary Shelley’s novel Frankenstein is a Gothic novel that contains two genres, science fiction and Gothicism. The novel is a first person narrative that uses a framing technique, where a story is told within a story. Shelley gives the book a distinctive gothic mood tone by the use of her chosen setting which is dark and gloomy, by doing this it reflects the hideousness of the creature; the point of views helps towards the realism of the novel; and characterization able the reader to interact with the characters and feel sympathy or hatred towards each one. To entice the readers into her suspenseful novel Shelley uses foreshadowing. The narrative structure shows a wide range of perspectives rather than just one, by doing this it provides the …show more content…
These letters include details about his journey and Victor Frankenstein’s biography, which is aimed at his creation, the creature. This epistolary style adds realism to the story as it provides different viewpoints and multiple narratives that show the story from differing angles. The framing technique adds validity to the novel. Walter remains as the narrative voice throughout. This technique follows Gothic conventions where ‘one story often nests within another and large sections of the narrative are set out as a tale told by one character to another’. (p63 The Realist Novel) There are several other Gothic conventions that Frankenstein follows, such as the novel being ‘discontinuous and involuted’ and containing the ‘effects of guilt and shame’. (p63 The Realist Novel)
Walton’s second letter shows the reader his sense of loss and loneliness, as he has no friends aboard the vessel. It is at this point where the reader first feels sympathy. The reader sympathises with Walton, as we know how it feels to have no one to interact with. However, Walton’s search for companionship is short as he comes across Victor Frankenstein on his

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