Essay on Maryland's Ecology and Environment

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Maryland is the 42nd largest state, making it one of the smaller states in America. It is located in the South Atlantic region on the United States eastern seaboard. Prince George's is one of twenty four counties in Maryland. It is also the geographic center of the state. Maryland has a varied climate. The state is home to a variety of different ecosystems. This is also true of
Maryland’s environment, which has the Atlantic Ocean on the coast, mountains, and forest land.
My paper will focus on Prince George’s county and the state of Maryland. The size of the state and how connected parts of Prince George’s county is to its neighboring counties and cities makes it sensible to take a wider view of Maryland’s ecology and
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These areas are used to protect natural resources, conservation, and education. Many of these water ways are considered ecological greenways.
Before European settlers colonized parts of Maryland, the area was dominated by mixed

hardwood forests. European settlers cut down native forests at a high rate and the timber was

sold in Europe. These old growth forests are now virtually extinct in the state. Environmental

activists have been fighting for decades to preserve these endangered habitats for the animals and

plants that live in them.

The essay, Maryland’s Environment: A 20,000 Year History of Change states, in the

early days of the colony, European settlers themselves slowly cleared the land. Their

pigs, cattle, horses, and fowl were fenced out of house yards and ranged free in the

Maryland woods. The activities of the livestock were very effective in clearing the

understory and preventing the regeneration of forests. Farming practices -- especially

tobacco agriculture, which was so widespread in Tidewater Maryland -- included the

frequent clearing of fields and their later abandonment due to exhausted soils, which led

to the fragmentation of forests and the creation of patchwork landscapes.

The late 1800s and early 1900s witnessed the most extensive deforestation in Maryland,

when approximately 80 percent of the land was cleared of trees. The result was

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