Masculinity And Masculinity : A Patriarchal Society

1516 WordsNov 3, 20167 Pages
In the past Britain used to be a patriarchal society, however, now it is hypothetically equal. The gender-role identity is the extent of masculine or feminine self-appreciation of an individual (McNeill & Petersen, 1985, cited in Fromme & Eccles, 1996). Masculinity and femininity described by Deaux (1984) as personal characteristics, activities, behaviours, dispositions, appearances which are acceptable for males or females and established by sociocultural factors, while sex refers only to the physiological dissimilarities. Per biological supposition, gender is fully defined by biology, particularly, by the physiology (work of the nervous system) and inheritance (genetic factor) (McLeod, 2014). On contrast, psychodynamic paradigm primarily focused on conscious and unconscious stimuli within the individual and psychosexual development with an emphasis on early childhood experiences, like the main factor of gender formation (Brannon, 2016). In this essay, biological psychological approach to the formation of an individual’s gender role identity compared with the psychodynamic approach. Biological psychology signified the importance of hormonal processes, which are unlike for males and females, in a creation of gender identity (Rogers & Rogers, 2001). For example, high level of male hormone testosterone was linked to the behaviour considered masculine (Dabbs and Morris, 1990, cited in Rogers & Rogers, 2001). This study showed that individuals with testosterone levels in the
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