Maslow/Bandura/Skinner - How Current Practice Is Influenced by Them

784 Words May 28th, 2012 4 Pages
2.3 Explain how current practice is influenced by Theories of development and frameworks to support development.

Maslow

Maslow believed that everyone has fundamental needs that must be met in order for each person to reach their full potential. These needs include warmth, food and shelter as well as demonstrations of love and having their confidence and self-esteem boosted.
In a Play School setting we can achieve these needs by caring for the children in a certain way. We can ensure that the setting is kept at a comfortable temperature, we provide a healthy and nutritious snack for them and we make the hall as welcoming and clean as possible.

To help the children on a psychological level, we must ensure they are all given plenty
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Some children may not like to be “taught” new ideas, games, etc. They might feel stressed to have a key worker sit with them and explain how we will accomplish a new task. The same child however may sit and observe other children doing the task first and then will have the confidence to try it out for themselves.

Skinner

Skinner’s theory is based on the assumption that children learn by being active in the learning process . They use their senses to explore situations before drawing conclusions about them.

He devised a system called the reinforcement theory which divided the results into three areas. Some people, he claimed , reacted to positive reinforcers. Therefore, a child is rewarded with a treat, such as a sticker, a sweet or positive attention to encourage them to repeat new behaviour.

Negative reinforcers, he claimed, are when a child chooses certain behaviour in order to avoid a punishment. An example of negative reinforcement is when a child is allowed to skip a required chore if homework is finished by a certain time. A simple example of punishment is when a child is reprimanded or criticised for inappropriate behaviour.

The third area is punishers . The child experiences something that results in something bad happening to them or a child learns that certain behaviour results in being punished and therefore it makes sense for them not to repeat that
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