Maslow Hierarchy Of Needs Hierarchy Theory

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The most famous Maslow’s hierarchy of needs pyramid theory goes from the basic human physiological needs all the way up to realization of one’s potential. Maslow separated different needs into higher and lower levels. After satisfying one need the upper one will take its place and will be needed to be satisfied. The physiological needs such as food, water, sex, together with safety are described as low level needs, while social, esteem and self-actualization are placed on the top of the pyramid (A. H. Maslow, 1943). The big difference between them is that the low-level needs can be satisfied with wages but higher ones are satisfied internally to the person. The fulfilling of the higher needs cannot be achieved in the standardized and unified…show more content…
By this theory, the individuals have their own goals and their desirability of the outcome determines their motivation. Each time the worker makes a choice, whether to do, or not to do and this implies that management should encourage the workers to work not only with financial but also non-financial rewards. The Expectancy theory is based on three key elements (Brian Francis Redmond):
• Expectancy: effort->performance(E->P)
Expectancy states that the effort(E) on an individual will result a desired performance(P). It consists out of three subcategories: o Self-efficacy – the individual will assess whether he has the ability and knowledge to successfully perform his behaviour or not. o Goal difficulty – when goals are too high or the performance is too hard as an individual may think, it may lead to low expectancy. o Perceived control – the belief that the individual has a certain degree of control over the expected outcome. The feeling of control may result an increase in motivation, opposing to that when the outcome is beyond the control the motivation level is
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