Maslow Hierarchy of Needs

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In 1943, Abraham Maslow developed a theory in psychology known as the Hierarchy of Needs. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs is mostly often used as a pyramid, as shown on the title page. One of the many interesting things that Maslow noticed, is the layers of physiological needs, safety and security needs, the needs for loving and belonging, esteem needs, and self-actualization, in that order(working from the bottom layer of the pyramid up). The physiological needs include the basic needs that are vital to survive such as, food, sleep, air, and water. Maslow felt that these needs are the most basic needs and are also the most instinctive needs for the hierarchy, because all needs become less important until the physiological needs are met.…show more content…
The higher form involves the need for self-respect, including such feelings as confidence, capability, achievement, mastery, independence, and freedom. The negative version of these needs is low-self esteem and poor quality complexes. In modern countries, most of us have what we need in regard to our physiological and safety needs. We usually have quite a bit of love and belonging too. Its respect that often seems difficult to get. The last level is a bit different; Maslow used a variety of terms to describe this level. The mainly used term is self-actualization. These are needs that do not involve balance. Once engaged, they don’t go away, they continue to be felt. In fact, they are likely to become stronger as we feed them or stimulate them. They involve the continuous desire to fulfill potentials, “to be all you can be”. They are a matter of becoming the most complete self-actualizing. If you truly want to be self-actualizing, you need to have all your lower needs at least mostly complete. When lower needs aren’t met, you can’t fully devote your time and energy to fulfilling your potentials. It isn’t surprising, the world being as difficult as it is, that only a small percentage of the world’s population is truly self-actualizing. Maslow doesn’t think that self-actualizers aren’t perfect, of course. There were several flaws or imperfections he discovered along the way as well: First, they often suffered considerable anxiety and guilt, and finally, some of them

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