Maslow 's Hierarchy Of Needs

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Summary of Maslow’s The Hierarchy of Needs Abraham Maslow developed the theories of motivation because he felt that the sophistication of human behavior could not be portrayed through reinforcement or rewards. He felt that human action were directed toward realization and fulfillments and that behavior could be gratified while using multiple types of needs at the same time. Maslow wanted to find positive motivation as to why people react or engage in certain behaviors. He felt that basic survival was based upon his five theories and that long lasting success could be mastered upon the completion of these theories. He chose his samples very specifically primarily, males of high political and social status that were acknowledged by many as being distinguished and smart. Beginning in 1943 Maslow’s theories established the four basic needs and then before 1954 he added the fifth label. According to research in 1970 there was added an extended three levels to the hierarchy but not all accounts are given to Maslow but to those that may have contributed to the study. The first four basic theories are Physiological Needs, Safety Needs, Social Needs and Esteem Needs. These needs are considered to be known as the coping or deficiency needs. The fifth need, Self-Actualization is also included in the original pyramid that is taught today, however three more additional needs have been included which would complete the Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. The last added three needs known as the

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