Maslow 's Theory Of The Hierarchy Of Needs

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Abraham Maslow developed the hierarchy of needs in 1940. “Maslow deserves credit for bringing a more holistic, humanistic, and positive approach to the study of human motivation” (McShane & Von Glinow, 2014, p.90). Maslow took several steps in studying human motivation. He first started with a holistic approach. He explained that human needs should be studied in groups. People are dependent on those around them, which implies that people drive each other’s behaviors and needs. Second, he studied with a humanistic view on human motivation. This approach suggested that humanistic needs are influence by an individual’s personal and social environments, “not just instincts” (McShane & Von Glinow, 2014, p.90). Third, Maslow put a positive spin on motivation theory. He stressed the importance of self-actualization, which had never been done before in the study of motivation.
Maslow’s psychological theory “condenses and integrates the long list of drives and needs that had been preciously studied into a hierarchy of five basic categories” (McShane & Von Glinow, 2014, p.90). In order of bottom-to-top, the five levels of Maslow’s hierarchy are physiological needs, safety, belongingness, esteem, and self-actualization. Furthermore, Maslow identified two human motivational factors that are not achieved inside the hierarchy. These are the need to know and the need for beauty. These drives and needs are interdisciplinary because it is composed of multiple levels of categories that tend
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