Maslow 's Theory On Human Motivation

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Maslow’s (1943) hierarchy of needs was one of the earliest theories developed on human motivation. With the basic principle that higher-level motives could not become active before the basic needs had been met (Lahey, 2001). Maslow suggested that these basic needs such as food, water and safety needed to be in place and satisfied before motivation to meet higher needs is possible and takes effect. Maslow (1943) organised these human needs into five sets and then arranged those into a pyramid, with basic needs at the base ascending into the higher-level needs at the peak. The basic-order needs began with ‘Physiological Needs’ at the base of the pyramid, which included things that are vital to survival such as food, water, breathing and homeostasis. As well as these basic requirements, Maslow also included sexual reproduction in this level of the hierarchy of needs since it is essential to the survival of the species (McLeod, 2007). These needs need to be met before higher goals can be set. Rising on the pyramid is another basic order need ‘Safety Needs’, which is where an individual feels safe both emotionally and physically (McLeod, 2007). Higher-Order Needs 3. Social needs - feeling loved or belonging somewhere. Many people are unhappy unless they feel a sense of belonging to a group or at a job. They need to feel acceptance from others. 4. Esteem needs - a person needs to feel like they are a person of worth. They want respect, both from themselves and from
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