Maslow's Hierarchy Of Need Essay

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Maslow's Hierarchy of Need


Many managers are puzzled by the question why some workers doing easy job remain dissatisfied, while others engaged in performance of complicated tasks are completely satisfied? What should be done for the people to work better? What stimulates their desire to work? Only knowing what are the main factors stimulating a man to act, what kind of motives lay as a basis of a man’s activities, one can try to develop an efficient system for work motivation.

In the process of human development, governors and managers noticed that material factors did not motivate workers so efficiently and the key motivating factor is not of material nature, but of psychological one.

A lot of various
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Physiological needs necessary for a man to survive (need for meals, clothes, water, etc.).
2. Need for security and confidence in future.
3. Need for belonging and connection (social needs). A man tries to be a member of a team, to take part in public events. He or she searches for attention, friendship, love.
4. Need for acknowledgement and self-assertion (prestigious needs). A man needs to be self-asserted, to be acknowledged for his or her personal achievements, carrier growth, to be respected, to be a team leader.
5. Need for self-expression (spiritual needs). Spiritual needs are expressed through creative work, self-actualization.

All needs can be classified within the strict hierarchic structure, with physiological needs on the lower level and need for self-actualization – on the higher one. Classifying needs according to levels, Maslow aimed to show that physiological needs must be satisfied first, and after that, desire to satisfy needs of a higher level occurs.

For making comparison, a brief description of Herzberg’s theory is also given.

2. F.Herzberg's Two Factor Theory

After leading a number of experiments, F. Herzberg made a conclusion that satisfaction of needs does not enhance work motivation. He created a two-factor motivation model.
Herzberg has established that a man’s satisfaction with his or her activities and a man’s dissatisfaction with the same are two
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