Maslow's Hierarchy Of Needs

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Throughout human history people have sought to better themselves and ascend to higher levels beyond what others thought possible. As many might say, life is more than just surviving, it is about doing the things one dreams of, learning new things, mastering new skills, and being with the people that one enjoys being with. On the contrary, not all people get to do any of those things. It seems that the ultimate goal is self-actualization and life fulfillment, yet why do people never seem to reach that point?
Humanistic psychology is a value orientation that holds a hopeful, constructive view of human beings and of their substantial capacity to be self-determining (AHP). It focuses on the self, experiences, and motivation systems unrelated to rewards or unconscious desires (McLeod, Maslow 's Hierarchy of Needs). Abraham Maslow, one of the leading psychologists in humanistic psychology, conceived the idea of the hierarchy of needs that revealed what motivates people to do the things that they do. Similarly, Carl Rodgers later added that for a person to "grow", they need an environment that provides them with genuineness, acceptance, and empathy (McLeod, Carl Rogers). In Maslow’s hierarchy of needs one cannot get to the top without first starting from the bottom and working upwards through each level. As can be seen in the diagram on page 2, from the bottom up Maslow states that physiological needs must be met, then safety, love, esteem, and self-actualization. The key is

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