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Maslow's Hierarchy Of Needs Research

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Children are unique, with their own personality, mannerisms, characteristics and needs. All children have different abilities and they all require different things to support them in reaching their potential. The Development Matters Framework (Early Education, 2012) states that teachers must reflect on children’s needs, build positive relationships with them and create stimulating environments to facilitate the discovery of new skills and knowledge. Maslow’s ‘Hierarchy of Needs’ (McLeod, 2007) consists of seven basic needs that all contribute towards human motivation, once they are fulfilled. These needs are: physiological, safety, social, self-esteem, self-actualisation, cognitive and aesthetic (McLeod, 2007). These needs can all be met through nurture, stimulation and suitable expectations, which are implemented in schools, by teachers (Moore and Zaff, 2002). The main aims of the Every Child Matters (Department of Health, 2003) initiative were based upon Maslow’s theory. The document stated that practitioners must ensure that pupil’s feel safe, healthy, engaged with learning and have positive minds. Teaching Standard 5 (Department for Education, 2011) is all about…show more content…
The hierarchy of skills promote and develop children’s ability to think and understand. The teacher used this notion widely, in assessing children’s learning and she specifically applied a range of these skills in a selection of contexts, to challenge Grace’s thinking. In whole-class maths sessions, Grace was asked to justify her answers to her peers, whilst she was encouraged to make predictions in science tasks. By extending questions and deepening Grace’s knowledge and ‘Understanding of the World’ (Department for Education, 2014), Grace was able to adopt an analytical approach (Arthur and Cremin, 2010) to her work, and she was able to expand her thoughts and answers within
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