Maslow's Hierarchy Of Needs Theorists

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Maslow (1908-1970)
Abraham Maslow (1943) was a theorist that created the Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs which is a theory to understand what motivates people and their basic needs. He believed that people crave basic human needs to survive, and on another level prompted to achieve certain higher needs. Maslow developed a Hierarchy of Needs that follow the life cycle which includes 5 stages that are basic needs within a pyramid. These are: Biological and Physiological needs (i.e. air, food & drink, shelter, warmth, sleep). These are essential human needs to survive. Air to breathe, food and drink to develope and grow. Warmth and shelter, heat and light. These improve all individuals well being. Safety needs (i.e. security, law, stability,order,
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Social Constructivist theorists believe that learning is an active, constructive process and that we constantly build on what we already know. Piaget’s theory was to understand children’s cognitive development by trying to understand how they learn concepts. The development has four stages that Piaget identified, this is because he believed that we develop and learn in different ways depending on our age. The four stages have different kinds of cognitive change in children, these four stages…show more content…
Concrete operational stage (7-12 years) - This stage is for them to be able to think by being able to use mental operations.
Formal operational stage (12 years onwards) - At this stage they will be able to reason in abstract ways.
Piaget created this theory because he was interested and wanted to identify why children gave incorrect answers that needed logical thinking. He considered that children are active in their learning. Because babies aren’t taught to crawl or walk, Piaget believed that babies are born with the ability to adapt to and learn from the environment.
Piaget developed the four stages by observing and testing children. He found that children behaved or seemed to understand things in a particular way at different ages. Piaget didn’t want to measure how well a child can count, spell or solve problems. He was more interested in “the way in which fundamental concepts like the very idea of ‘number’, ‘time’, ‘quantity’, ‘causality’, ‘justice’ and so on emerged” (Simply Psychology, 2015).
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