Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Essay

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Abraham Maslow proposed a theory concerning human motivations that was based upon a hierarchy of needs. Basic physiological drives like thirst, hunger and sleep, as well as the need for safety, shelter and some feeling of security are the motivational needs that must first be met. They provide the foundation for higher level of motivations to become present and available as needs the indvidual is aroused to attain. Each higher order of motivational need is built upon a more basic need. After physiological and safety needs are met then the individual looks to belong and be accepted by peers and groups that they identify with. Once accepted, one looks to improve their self-esteem and garner the respect and esteem of their peers and the…show more content…
That one can count on the sun rising, that society will respond in a sensible manner, just as it did the day before. That in general life has some purpose, is somewhat predictable, with some balance and order to it. These very basic needs were never of must concern for Freud. While certainly not born into a wealthy family, his very basic needs of nourishment and shelter were never in any real question. He grew up in a household with domestic help, and it can be fairly assured that the intense drives that are produced when one is desperately in need of food or water, or even worse, air, were never a matter of concern for the young Sigmund. Only later in life, with the horrors of the holocaust and World War II was his physical safety and well being ever in real danger, and he was forced to move his family and himself to England. Some of the criticisms leveled at Freud's theories and work, while justified, might at have been quelled from having ever being mentioned had Freud had more contact with those that have struggled to have very basic needs met. Having the good fortune to have never suffered through the pangs of hunger, or seek to have a desperate thirst quenched, he also never had much cause to work with the desperate or the infirmed. His practiced consisted almost entirely of well to do clients. Doctor and patient both driven by the higher needs of Maslow's pyramid, perhaps to the point that the basic needs hold not

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