Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs and Frankenstein

1061 WordsNov 4, 20085 Pages
In the novel, Frankenstein, written by Mary Shelley, Shelley describes a psychological progression of events which perfectly coincides with Abraham Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. She correctly establishes each of the aspects that make up the hierarchy as well as the decline if one is unable to attain each subsequent level. This paper will not only compare the psychological growth of Frankenstein with the sequence of the hierarchy but also prove the distinct order that one must follow in order to grow in development. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs is a structural progression of psychological and physical needs. Maslow hypothesized that there were two distinct types of needs: deficiency needs and growth needs2. The deficiency needs,…show more content…
Unfortunately for the creature, the need for friendship and love is not met by the people he longed to receive it from. He is cast out by his “friends”. This halts his progression up the ladder. This does not stop the creature though. He decides to try again to gain love and recognition from human beings. As he is walking along a river he sees a young girl slip and fall into it. “I rushed from my hiding-place, and, with exreme labour from the force of the current, saved her … when I was suddenly interrupted by the approach of a rustic … on seeing me … he aimed a gun, which he carried, at my body and fired3 (143).” Unlike the previous two attempts, as the creature is deprived of reaching the next need. Yet all hope is not lost for he believes that there might be one last opportunity to get his need of love met. Marry Shelley understands that love and affection would lead to the acquisition of growth needs where the creature could be kindly to mankind. She provides one last plea from the creature to Victor for this need. “If any being felt emotions of benevolence towards me, I should return them an hundred and an hundredfold; for that one creatures sake I would make peace with the whole kind3 (148).” The creature tells Victor that he had the ability to love; he had the ability to continue up the ladder if only he can make it up the next step. Human

More about Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs and Frankenstein

Open Document