Maslow's Theory

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Theorist’s Biography Abraham Harold Maslow, the founder of humanistic psychology, was born in New York City on April 1, 1908 and died at home in California in 1970 (Maslow, Abraham Hutchinson Encyclopedia of Biography, 2010) (Abraham H. Maslow: a Bibliography: Professional biography, 1970). He received his AB, MA, and PhD in psychology from the University of Wisconsin (1970). His work as a United States (U.S.) psychologist started in 1932 after he started working as a teaching fellow (1970). Maslow also taught at Brooklyn College from 1937 to 1951 and at Brandeis University from 1951 to 1961, where he was appointed Chairman of the Psychology department (2010). He made research contributions in psychology every year until his death…show more content…
In other words, once an individual’s basic needs like food, water, warmth, safety, and stability are taken care of, they are now motivated to establish meaningful relationships with other people. The fourth ladder of needs is self-esteem. This means meeting the need to be perceived as competent, confident, independent, having social status, appreciation, and recognition. The last need at the very top of the pyramid is self-actualization. Self-actualization is when an individual fulfills ones potential as a creative human being. This is where individuals focus on themselves and try to build their image. It is a process of growing and developing as a person in order to achieve the highest potential (Butt & Rich, 2011) Application of Maslow’s Theory Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory has been used in many different situations and fields to obtain certain goals. The main focus behind this theory as stated is that each individual, organization, or entity has a basic need that is crucial to its survival. On a global scale, third world countries have individuals that struggle to meet their basic physiologic needs and are consumed by the thought of obtaining food and water. The idea of purchasing a big house with a security alarm for safety is not a thought that consumes them. In developed countries, such as United States of America, individuals are able
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