Master At Cambridge University From 1959-1966, And The President Of The International Union Of Physics

970 WordsJan 10, 20164 Pages
master at Cambridge University from 1959-1966, and was the president of the International Union of Physics from 1951 through to 1957. (Sir Nevill F. Mott - Biographical, 2015, para.1-3). In 1977, Mott received the Noble Prize for Physics, an honor which he shared with two other physicists. The prize was awarded for theoretical studies of the structure of the electron, regarding magnetic and disordered systems (Sir Neill F. Mott - Facts, 2015, para. 4). Ernest T. S. Walton was born October 6, 1931, in Ireland. His education included attending Methodist College and Trinity College, studying mathematics, experimental sciences, and physics. After obtaining a master’s degree in science, Walton went to the Cavendish Laboratory, were he…show more content…
S. Walton - Facts, 2015, para. 4). In addition to incredible individuals who attended the Laboratory, there have been many crucial discoveries at the Cavendish Laboratory, including DNA, the electron, and the proton. Maurice Wilkins was a chemist who determined that using x-ray crystallography would be useful in the process of studying DNA. James Watson attended a lecture by Wilkins on the subject, which also included ideas about the form of DNA, and Watson soon wanted to be involved. Francis Crick, who was working on his dissertation on the x-ray crystallography of hemoglobin, was approached by Watson, who desired Crick’s help in studying DNA. Watson and Crick made several models of DNA based on the information available at the time. However, it was not until they obtained x-rays taken by Rosalind Franklin that they realised DNA had a double helix shape. These x-rays were obtained without Franklin’s permission and were crucial to the discovery of the shape of DNA. Watson and Crick’s first article on their discoveries regarding the double helix shape appeared in an issue of the journal Nature, along with other articles on DNA by other scientists. Watson, Crick, and Wilkins received the Noble Prize for Physiology or Medicine for their joint work in the process of determining the shape of DNA in 1962. There was no mention made of Franklin’s contributions in
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