Mill claims that his purpose in writing on liberty is to assert what he describes one very simple principle. The principle that ought to govern society and that principle has come to be known as the harm principle. The individuals own good either physical or moral is not a sufficient warrant for societal intervention. The individual cannot rightfully be compelled to do or not to do because it will be better for him to do so because it is better for him to do so because it will make him happier.
Mill’s liberal conception of liberty is tied to the individual and the individual’s ability to express oneself fully. Critical thought and the use of faculties only available to humans are of the highest importance to Mill, who in his third section of On Liberty (which itself is devoted entirely to individuality and his ideas on it) says directly that one “who chooses his plan for himself, employs all his faculties” (49). Further, he describes how
In _On Liberty,_ Mill employs a combination of formal and informal tones by developing complex ideas through many levels of meanings in form of clear expressions. Mill's use of contrasting metaphors in the paragraphs about the way human
Constantine the Great, also known as Saint Constantine, was the Roman Emperor from 306 to 337, right after Diocletian. As the first Roman emperor to call himself a Christian, his actions greatly affected both the history of the Christian Church and the history of the world. However, the question is, were his efforts about benefitting the church or about benefitting himself? It is said that because of his edicts and leadership, he was able to move the church as well as himself into positions of power. In addition, it was his advocacy for the church that put an end to imperial persecutions. This made Constantine not only highly important in world history but in church history as well. Many still argue about the significance of his efforts, but there is enduring gratitude in the collective memory of Christians for the Edict of Milan. Constantine issued the Edict of Milan in 313 during a time when persecution gave way to religious tolerance. By the end of the century, Christianity became an official credo and the emperor would enforce its doctrines. This paper will attempt to make a fair and critical study of Constantine in his relation to Christianity.
John Stuart Mill was one of the great philosophers of the 19th century. His works have
John Stuart Mill published an essay in 1859 that attempted to explain the power society could have over the individual. His essay focuses on the struggles between Liberty and Authority. The point he was trying to make is liberty was created for protection against political tyranny. In earlier times rulers would suppress the rights of citizens. To achieve their liberty the citizens call for a limit to be placed on the power of the government.
Mill believes in the individual and his freedom to exercise his rights a person so long it does not harm others. That no one should be forced or pressured into doing things against their will and not even society, forceful ruler ship and public opinions of other should interfere in an individual's decisions. According Mill individual liberty is a good thing to major extent because he think it is a means to protect citizens form illegitimate leadership. The citizens had "Political liberty" to serve as a watch dog for the government in the case they abused their political power. The citizens could impeach such leaders if they found guilty. This kind of liberty makes the political leaders active and keep them on their toes.
The article "Hard Times" is based off one of the most terrifying times in America The Great Depression. This time was horrible stocks crashing, banks failing, and farms failing. Now this time was telling something almost a hint too if we do not remember the past we are condemned to repeat it. However its not true if there is no evidence so now its time to support that idea.
The purpose of Mill’s writing of On Liberty is to discuss his work in his Autobiography. Mill believed On Liberty to be about society and man, the characters people possess and the freedom of conflicting directions showed by human nature. In his writing, he rejects the attempts made by society that may be seen as legal coercion or the pressures of society formed by opinions and behavior. He states a person’s behavior is seen as harmful to one when coercion is accepted. Mill takes on the approach of a Utilitarian.
Mill believes in the protection of freedom of speech, action and association, which indicates how the society should not prevail over the individual for its own good. However, when regarding utility, he points out, if the society is also benefited, that it is the preferred mode, but I think it is important to identify how he says that if their opinion is not causing harm, then the society is not negatively affected. Although I agree with this theory, I however, am critical to Mill’s vagueness over what “harm” is. Harm can be defined in multiple different altitudes and degrees, and therefore it is difficult to precisely determine it definitely. Nevertheless, this limitation of free speech in Mill’s essay is what concluded on my agreement to his argument.
For my research paper I decided to write about topic five which is to Research how John Stuart Mill and Ralph Waldo Emerson are similar and different in regards to their ideas on liberty and individualism. In order to analyze this topic I will be using Emerson’s Self Reliance (1841) essay and Mill’s On Liberty (1859) essay as my primary sources. During my research paper I want to explore the ideas of both Emerson and Mill so that I as well as the reader can have a better understanding of liberty and individuality. My working thesis is to compare and contrast the similarities and differences between Mill and Emerson in order to have a better understanding of the intent of their writings.
With these beginning sentences of the novel “Hard Times”, Charles Dickens has made readers doubt whether it is true that facts alone are wanted in life. This question leads to the main theme of the story, fact against fancy, that author has never been written this kind of plot in his other stories before. In fact, Hard Times is considered as "the unlike-the-rest of Dickens’ works" (Collins, 1992, p.xi) because the plot is not involved the social problems in Victorian Age such as poverty or child labor, but it is "an abstract that exalts instinct above reason." (Collins, 1992, p.xiii)
Hard Times symbolizes the negative effects of industrialization on English towns (Coketown in the story) including education. Charles Dickens was born in 1812, and was a contemporary of the Industrial Revolution. Industries were growing by leaps and bounds; bringing with it pollution, social imbalance and individual confusion. Dickens was rather poor and had no proper education. At the age of 12 he worked in Warren’s Blacking Factory attaching labels to bottles. He labored hard to educate himself and wrote novels to make a decent living. He, like the people of Coketown, had no time for idle fancy. Education for the general population was rote learning with little to no encouragement for creativity.
‘Hard Times’ is a Charles Dickens novel set in the social backdrop of the Victorian era during the Industrial Revolution that took place during the 1850s. The ill effects of Victorian Utilitarianism are upheld in this moralistic vision of the writer. Unlike most of his novels, ‘Hard Times’ is not based in London but in the red and black seemingly monotonous structures of Coketown. That being said, it still realistically allows the reader to observe the systems and structures of society forced to face various economic and social hardships. What preserves the novel as a social commentary is that the struggles in life and human emotions are still relevant “for these times”.