Maternal And Childhood Malnutrition On Low And Middle Income Countries

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Maternal and childhood malnutrition in low and middle-income countries presents a global public health challenge and threatens attainment of the
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)i. Encompassing both under nutrition and obesity as well as vitamin and mineral deficiency, malnutrition can be caused by multiple factorsii. These factors are closely linked to general standards of living, education, environment and the ability of a population to meet its basic needsiii. Malnutrition has profound effects on health throughout life and holds important consequences for survival, incidence of disease, growth and development and the economic productivity of communities.
These outcomes can be seen across generationsiv.
The nutritional status of women and children is important, as it is through women and their children that the effects of malnutrition are passed down to future generations4. Three anthropometric indices are used to define child nutritional status: weight for height (wasting), height for age (stunting) and weight for age (underweight)5. Stunted linear growth has become the main indicator of child under nutrition, as it is prevalent in all developing regions and has important consequences for health and development4.
The Millennium Development Goals (MDG) provide a framework for measuring the progress of global development1. Reduction in the proportion of women and children who are underweight is identified under Millennium
Development Goal 1 (to eradicate extreme poverty
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