Mathematics and Astronomy

791 Words3 Pages
Mathematics helps human beings understand our complex universe. Astronomy guides scientists to the obvious basics and the deep secrets of the never-ending galaxies that surround planet earth. Mathematics is the base of astronomy, which made the discoveries of outer space possible. The foundation of astronomy was made possible through ancient mathematicians allowing various countries to participate in the learning of the universe. Many inventions and important findings were employed by the pairing of math and astronomy. Today, the two concepts have made many oppurtunities and wonders reality. The foundation of astronomy began with simple predictions and natural resources which occurred from 320 B.C to 620 A.D. The Babylonians used the motion of the moon to get an idea of the days that passed; however, they learned that the motion of the sun was non-uniform. They created a calendar with the best of their knowledge (Linton). The Mesopotamian civilization predicted eclipses and positions of the heavenly bodies by using the sun to measure latitude and longitude. They used tables in order to organize their findings. The Greeks founded geometry and they utilized sine, cosine, and tangent to predict eclipses. The civilizations came up with theories that dealt with the orbit and rotation of planets. Epicycles stated that planets orbit along a circular path whose center is at or near the earth. Eccentrics said that planets rotate around the sun which in turn rotates around the earth
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