Matthew 17: 1-13 Essay

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Introduction
The passage of this exegetical paper, Matthew 17:1-13, is the narrative of the transfiguration of Jesus on a mountain with three of His disciples Peter, James and John as witnesses. Literary Criticism Context Matthew 16:21-28, the passage before mine, Jesus had revealed to His disciples His upcoming suffering, death and resurrection. He informed them that His followers would have to take up their cross to be with Him. Carrying your cross in that period of time meant a torturous, painful and humiliating death, therefore, it meant being willing to die to follow Christ. Before anyone would be willing to die for another, they would need faith in Christ to do so. This passage provided the background context that
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On top of the mountain Matthew eloquently uses substantial comparison between Moses and Jesus. The first is that they are both on top of a “high mountain.” The significance of Matthews shrewd use of the term “high mountain” (Matthew 17:1) is a historical tradition of Jewish divine manifestations on top of high mountains. It occurred on one of the Hermon mountain range peaks near the city of Cesarea Philippi according to the agreement of biblical authors. (Broadus and Hovet 370). Exodus 24:13-16 states that Moses also had his religious occurrence on Mount Sinai, another very high mountain range. Another significant factor that Mathew used for comparison was that both Moses and Jesus needed the mountain for privacy to fulfil God’s purpose. Jesus needed the mountain for privacy, with only three of His disciples as witnesses, to avoid incorrect Messianic hopes Jesus needed to fulfill His mission, of glory through sorrow and if His transfiguration was witnessed by all then he would have immediately received glory without sorrow.
The mountain top scene uses a lot of symbolism to acknowledge that Jesus was a divine being and not just a mortal man. He was a glowing visage on a high mountain with two Old Covenant saints which is symbolic to Zechariah 14:4 in which, Jesus will be standing on a the Mount of Olives when He returns to earth a second time. 1 Thessalonians 3:13 states that during Jesus second return to earth He will come with His saints, symbolic
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