Maturational Perspective of Motor Development

1162 Words Jun 23rd, 2018 5 Pages
Mental intelligence, interests, abilities, personality and behaviour tendencies are affected by nature and nurture. Nature vs. nurture is an ongoing debate between genetic inheritances and environmental factors that shape development. Nature, also known as heredity, is the genetic code a person is born with. In motor development, nature refers to the genetic inheritance of characteristics and tendencies that influence development. The maturational perspective of motor development focuses on nature influences. The maturational perspective explains functions of maturational processes, particularly through the central nervous system, which control or dictate motor development (Payne & Isaacs, 2012). Motor development is an internal …show more content…
(Haywood et al., 2012) Therefore, as a person’s central nervous system develops, their motor skills develop. Shirley’s research supports the idea that a person’s motor development is an internal process determined by biological processes. Specific problems in the body cause motor delays. Motor delay means following a normal course of development at a level below suggested expectations for that child’s age. Problems with an internal system, the central nervous system, can lead to very specific movement problems. The cerebrum is a part of the central nervous system, if damaged it will limit or eliminate modulation, cause astereognosis and agnosia, damage reflexes, and impair laterality. Apraxia is a motor disorder caused by the damage of the cerebrum. Apraxia is a disorder of motor planning. Children with apraxia are clumsy and poorly coordinated when learning new motor tasks. Their advancement with new motor skills is not as efficient as other children. This is because their movement is very stiff, they have extraneous movements, seem to not understand where their body is in space, and have trouble with eye-hand and eye-foot coordination. (Payne & Isaacs, 2012) The damage in a child’s central nervous system, in this case cerebrum, result in a natural motor delay. This specific disorder supports the maturational perspective. Apraxia is an internal process determining change in a child’s motor development.
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