Max Weber 's Theory Of Social Stratification

1836 WordsApr 3, 20178 Pages
Introduction The growing inequalities in our society and individual’s motivation to work can be explained through different theoretical perspectives. This essay seeks to examine two theories, the functionalist perspective of social stratification and Max Weber’s perspective of rationalisation and life chances. The functionalist theory, in particular the discussions of different rewards system in our society and moral evaluations are applied in this paper, to explain people’s drives to work. Weber’s theory of social stratification, that of rationalisation and life chances is examined. In the first section of the paper, the differences and similarities of these theories’ understanding of people’s motivation to work are discussed. This will…show more content…
247). For example, the rewards are higher for profession such as data analysts, as it demands further education and training to gain the appropriate technical knowledge compared to jobs that do not require this knowledge, such as bricklayers. These incentives of rewards provide an explanation for people’s decision to pursue higher education and engage in rigorous training for particular jobs in the contemporary’s society. Weber’s rationalisation analysis While the functionalist perspective explains the involvement of certain individuals to work in higher ranked job positions, the analysis of rationalisation contended by Weber may provide a more general explanation to people’s motivation to work. According to Weber, work under the capitalist society has resulted in the separation of people from the means of production, which lead to workers’ realisation of economic rationality (Wright 2002, p. 837). This economic rationality may result in people’s motivation to work as they calculate their economic gains through the position of being employed, regardless of the type of work. The decision to work is associated with individuals’ rationale, as people do so in order to provide means of income and fund their way of living. Additionally, the motivation of work according to Weber lies in the self-interest of economic advantage (Wright 2002, p. 840), which can be achieved through the
Open Document