Mayan Architecture: Tulum Essay

2028 Words 9 Pages
Mayan Architecture &
The City of Tulum

Outline

I. Intro
II. The Mayan Civilization
A. Mayan Time Periods
B. Mayan Territory
C. Mayan Accomplishments
D. Mayan Collapse
III. Mayan Architecture
A. Intro
B. Tulum (Case Study)
1. Tulum’s History
2. Tulum’s Influences and Styles
3. Tulum’s Design
a. Site
1. Economy
2. Social Class Orientation
3. Defenses
b. Buildings
1. El Castillo
2. Temple of Frescos
3. Temple of the Wind
4. Temple of the Descending God
5. Temple of the Initial Series
6. House of the Haiach Uinic
IV. Conclusion

In world history, the Ancient Mayan Civilization was dubbed the “Greeks of the New
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When the northern Maya were finally integrated into the Toltec society by A.D. 1200, the Maya dynasty finally came to a close, although some smaller cities continued to thrive until the Spanish Conquest in the early sixteenth century (Ruddell).

Mayan Architecture

Tulum lies on the coast of Quintana Roo, Mexico, which is on the eastern side of the Yucatan Peninsula. Tulum is different from most of the other Mayan cities because of its location, its defenses, and its time period.
The name “Tulum” means wall, although that was a name given by Mayan descendants much later. The name Zama was most likely the original Mayan name. It comes from a modification of the word “Zamal” (morning), associated with the dawn (Mureiko). My visit to Tulum in the early morning was quite an experience and an amazing view. It is no wonder they named the city “morning.”
The meaning of “Tulum” stands true however. The city is surrounded on three sides by a fortified wall that reaches heights of 16 feet at the doorways. The fourth side is a 40-foot high cliff that overlooks the Caribbean reef and ocean. Because the city was constructed on a cliff, Tulum was/is the only large and significant Mayan coastal city.
Tulum was constructed during the Post-Classic Period (AD 925 – AD 1540), and was one of the last cities built by the Mayan people. It was constructed around the 12th century AD,

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