Mcgregor Theory X

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Introduction: In 1960, Douglas McGregor an American psychologist formulated a theory that has changed the path of management thinking and practice. He proposed two sets of assumptions about employee 's attitude and behaviour, so the manager will be in a better position to manage the workers and achieve organizational goals. McGregor named these assumptions as Theory X and Theory This essay would examine the pros and cons of this theory of employee motivation, followed by writer 's opinion. (McGregor, 1960) Theory X: According to Theory X, Managers assume that the average employee is lazy, dislikes work, are incapable of self-direction and will not indulge in hard work. Additionally, McGregor considers these workers have less…show more content…
This theory does not satisfy lower order needs like Theory X. Managers following this pattern of leadership should decentralize authority to employees and make sure that employees are equipped with resources and provide opportunities to succeed. Managers are not required to supervise constantly, as the employees are aware of their tasks but to ensure that the workers are provided with maximum support and advice when required. This assumption gives freedom to the managers as they don 't have to invest huge amount of time on supervision. A Theory Y manager believes that, given the right conditions, most people will want to do well at work. They believe that the satisfaction of doing a good job is a strong motivation. Many people interpret Theory Y as a positive set of beliefs about workers. A close reading of The Human Side of Enterprise reveals that McGregor simply argues for managers to be open to a more positive view of workers and the possibilities that this creates. He thinks that Theory Y managers are more likely than Theory X managers to develop the climate of trust with employees that are required for human resource development. Therefore, it is important that managers realize the above assumptions and give maximum opportunities for the workers, so that the company can progress in the right direction. (Fisher, Kimball, 1999). For Instance, if a manager assumes that the clerk will do a good job hiring their peers is much more
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