Essay on Mckinley Anatomy and Physiology Answers

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Student: ___________________________________________________________________________
1. The word "anatomy" comes from:
A. Latin and means "to be born".
B. Hebrew and means "shape".
C. Greek and means "to cut apart".
D. German and means "body".
E. Italian and means "form". 2. Anatomy is the study of:
A. stars.
B. function.
C. sharp tools.
D. structure and form.
E. word histories. 3. Since the body has been the same for thousands of years, anatomy is considered a static classification system instead of a dynamic science.
True False 4. A scientist who describes the layers of the heart wall and their relationship to the surrounding pericardium would be a(n):
A. anatomist.
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D. maladaptive in that it harbors bacteria. 20. Some researchers think pheromones are important tools in human communication. Pheromones are chemical signals that one individual sends to another. What research questions might be asked by anatomists and what questions might be asked by physiologists to determine if pheromones are important to humans?

21. Both anatomists and physiologists are aware that form and function are interrelated.
True False 22. The mechanism by which the body propels food through the digestive tract is primarily a topic of study for:
A. anatomists.
B. physiologists. 23. The term that refers to the ability of organisms to react to changes in the environment is:
A. responsiveness.
B. reproduction.
C. metabolism.
D. development.
E. organization. 24. The various chemical reactions that organisms carry out are collectively called:
A. reproduction.
B. homeostasis.
C. metabolism.
D. responsiveness.
E. development. 25. Homeostasis refers to an organism's ability to regulate its internal environment despite changes in the external environment.
True False 26. The category of reactions in which larger molecules are broken down into smaller ones is known as:
A. anabolism.
B. catabolism.
C. synthesis.
D. homeostasis.
E. enzymatic. 27. The group of metabolic reactions in which smaller molecules are combined to form

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