Mcl Term Paper

1443 Words6 Pages
Sport injuries have come to the forefront with the worldwide coverage of all sports. Of these injuries, the most common is knee injuries. A large portion of knee injuries are Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) stains and tears. Knee injuries are more predominate in contact sports such as football. However, they occur in other sports as well. To understand this injury (definition and diagram)

The knee is a very complicated joint, and knee injuries can be very detailed. After receiving first aid most knee injuries are referred to a physician. Most serious knee injuries in sports can be prevented but the key is to get the athletes to work on strengthening the quadriceps and the hamstring muscle
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This causes the ligament to stretch or partially tear.
Torsion Injuries are caused by the feet being in a fixed position and the body being twisted. These types of injuries are most common in football.
Other causes of injury to the MCL can be, but are not limited to muscle weakness and fatigue, imbalance and repetition, and poor running mechanics.
Signs, Symptoms and Treatments
The signs, symptoms and treatments of a Medial Collateral Ligament tend to correlate with the extent of the injury. MCL injuries are graded on a scale of I to III.
Grade I MCL Tear: This is an incomplete tear of the MCL. The tendon is still in continuity, and the symptoms are usually minimal. The athlete usually complains of pain with pressure on the MCL.
Resting from activity
Icing the Injury,
Taking Anti-inflammatory medications Most will miss 1 to 2 weeks of play
Grade II MCL Tear: This is also considered an incomplete tear of the MCL. The athlete may complain of instability when attempting to cut or pivot. The pain and swelling are more significant.
Resting from activity
Icing the Injury,
Taking Anti-inflammatory medications
Using a hinged knee brace is common in early treatment
Usually a 3 to 4 week period of rest is required before a return to play.
Grade III MCL Tear: This is a complete tear of the MCL Athletes will have significant pain and swelling as
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