Meaning And Foundation Of Knowledge

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Carijo Taro Philosophy 110 Final Paper December 10, 2014 Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to analysis the meaning and foundation of knowledge according to the philosopher Plato. A dialectic approach was taken which is simply a question and answer technique used to gain knowledge from philosophical reasoning. Plato and I go back and forth on the meaning and foundation of knowledge along with expressing our opinions on the subject. Plato believes knowledge is a question of the inherent qualities of one’s state of mind along with the idea that the concept of knowledge is unchanging and eternal. However I disagreed with this concept of knowledge, feeling that knowledge is pertained through one’s experiences in life and that…show more content…
Plato continued to state that the states of the mind differ in that knowledge is infallible, whereas opinion may be true or false (Cornford, 1957). I however disagreed with this concept of knowledge; I spoke up and said that I believe that knowledge is gained through one’s experiences that people learn new concepts and ideas every day. Also, knowledge is an understanding and thought process; people sometimes learn from their mistakes through different experiences and some even gain wisdom through their knowledge. Plato of course chimed in saying; I wish gaining true knowledge was really that simple, but the foundation of knowledge is more complex. For instance knowledge does not arise from sensory experience rather that knowledge is pertained through philosophical reasoning (Copleston, 1946). The idea that knowledge comes from the external world through the senses is wrong that knowledge gained through the senses is actually the lowest type of cognition (Cornford, 1957). The Allegory of the Cave illustrates the progress of the mind from the lowest state of unenlightenment to knowledge of the good. In the cave prisoners are chained so they were unable to move or see anything behind them. This led the prisoners to misperceive images on the cave walls for real objects, but in reality they are shadows casted off by a fire in the cave. The prisoners heard voices which they presumed to be the images
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